Special Education Series Part 4: Parent Perspective

With a successful case conference under your belt, you probably want to know what comes next. It is important for you to follow up to ensure that your child’s IEP is followed throughout the year. This also means doing your part at home. Consistency is key for the educational success of your student. Here are some tips for staying on track and advocating for your child:

  • Keep in contact with educators involved in your child’s education. Especially their teacher of record/and or special education teacher. Your child’s teacher of record is responsible for reporting progress on IEP goals on a routine basis. Make sure to note that during the case conference and review these progress notes when you receive them. In addition, you can contact any of your child’s teachers with questions or concerns at any time. Depending on the needs of your child, you may try to establish routine communication with the teacher of record. And, without a doubt, if you feel the IEP is not being implemented, contact the teacher of record to voice your concern.
  • Keep folders. It is beneficial to keep separate folders of report cards, IEP copies, correspondence with educators, notes from case conferences, etc. Have them organized by year as well, so that you can monitor your child’s progress. This ensures that you are up to date for the next case conference and may raise points not brought up by educators.
  • Always take a look at your child’s school work. Stay up to date on what your child is learning, and monitor how well they understand the content.

Special Education Series Part 4: Educator Perspective

A foundation for a strong partnership is communication.  While I have seen many teachers work to establish lines of communication, sometimes it is easily forgotten the impact our words may have on students and parents.  It’s a very rare occasion when a teacher doesn’t have a student’s best interest in mind when communicating, but when we get too caught up in meeting compliance requirements, we can lose touch with which parts of the message are truly the most impactful to the child’s life … including life beyond school.

Any time we communicate with a parent we are either building or tearing down the relationship.  Even when something difficult must be communicated, it can be done without passing judgement and maintaining high expectations.  We have to understand the impact of our words.  In all situations, we must carefully consider whether our words might harm or heal.

The term “reality police” sometimes comes to mind when I think about teacher to parent communication.  Certainly our school accountability system can make it very challenging to stop focusing on a child’s deficits; but as educators we need to be so careful that our communication is rooted in high expectations.

From the CEO: Winter with a Disability

It is wonderful to see how vital downtown Fort Wayne has become. New retail, restaurants, murals, ice skating and other destination venues are drawing more and more into the downtown streets. Gone are the days when a drive through downtown was one of isolation. Winter is here and the challenge is to continue to draw the same crowds. We want everyone to feel as if downtown offers them a draw…but is that true?

We want everyone to enjoy the activities that their town has to offer…including the activities in the winter. Through inclusive social, recreational and arts programs, AWS Foundation and the organizations they fund seek to engage and inspire individuals with enduring disabilities all over Northeast Indiana. Through our grants we strive to provide the opportunities for volunteerism, access to the theater, music, recreation and all the great things that make our community our home. We recognize the isolation and loneliness that is too often a routine part of the life for the person with a disability.

18 blue post accessible parking meters are scattered around the downtown Fort Wayne area.  These are meters that are restricted to only those with handicapped placards or license plates to ensure convenient on street parking. However, in the months of snow the distance between the car and the sidewalk might be blocked by a virtual Mt. Everest of snow. For the person with a disability, even local travel requires additional planning and time allowance but, in the winter, a trip downtown can be insurmountable and filled with risks. The 20% of the population with disabilities may just choose not to come downtown, and being already at risk for a sense of isolation, become even lonelier.

Arts United has agreed to pilot an “adopt a meter program”. The Blue Post meter on Barr and Main is the closest meter to Art Link, Pembroke Bakery and the FW Ballet. Arts United has agreed to ensure that the space will be clear of snow so that the ramp from a wheelchair accessible van can be deployed; so that the individual with ambulation challenges doesn’t need to climb over a mound of snow or walk along the road to gain sidewalk access at a cleared intersection. They will assess for ice in and around the meter. They will be sending a clear message to ALL of the residents of the area that they are welcomed.

The Fort Wayne City and Allen County Disability Council will be working with the city to evaluate the program for possible future replication. We will be promoting the program as it hopefully expands. But it shouldn’t stop with Fort Wayne.

We all want a life that is shared. We all want a life with a social connection and less loneliness. We all want a life with a variety of experiences and trips downtown should be a part of that. Will you help with fighting the illness of loneliness that too often is a part of the winter for the person with a disability? We are encouraging businesses in all of Northeast Indiana to consider how they can be more welcoming during these winter months. If you are interested, please contact me (phays@awsfoundation.org).

Education Series Part 3: Educator Perspective

Are parents truly enabled to participate in case conferences?  As a former special education administrator, I have sat in many conferences where I watched staff conduct more of an IEP presentations opposed to leading a conversation about an IEP.

As special educators, we are many times inundated with IEP lingo and compliance; however, for our parents who many times only sit in IEP review meetings once, maybe twice a year, this language can be difficult to follow – even if they are familiar with Article 7.

One rule which we encouraged staff to follow is that the parent should contribute to the conversation within the first five minutes of the meeting.  This goes beyond a simple introduction.  Parents could be prompted to list one to three things they are happy with regarding student progress and then one to three concerns or questions they have about creating a plan for the upcoming school year.  If parents are more reluctant to participate, teachers may need to work with them ahead of time, either through the use of a pre-conference form or through a phone call.  Another idea to get all participants involved in the meeting, including parents, is to give everyone a role such as, time keeper, tracking the agenda, note taker, etc.

The more parents have the opportunity to truly participate in the conference, the more invested they will be to the success of the educational plan.  So, do we dare ask how much opportunity the student has to participate in her or her case conference?

Education Series Part 3: Parent Perspective

In the first two parts of this series, I described case conferences and what goes into an IEP. It is important for parents/caregivers to show up to the case conference fully prepared. Proper preparation helps to ensure that the student gets everything they need for a successful education.

Preparing for a case conference, especially your first, can be overwhelming. It is important to do your own research and find methods best for you. Here are some tips for preparation to get you started:

  1. Know your rights: This is a big one. Go into the meeting already aware for what your child is eligible and the steps you can take to ensure goals are met. Though it is long, it would help to read the Indiana Board of Education Special Education Rules
  2. Review the past year: This tip, of course, is only if this is not your first IEP. Reviewing the previous year’s IEP is a good idea. This will help you to evaluate if goals were adequately met, what worked and what didn’t work.
  3. Come in with your own questions, concerns & recommendations: You know your child best and should feel confident sharing your own concerns and recommendations with the school personnel. Preparing these ahead of time will keep everyone involved on the same page as you work together to achieve your child’s goals for their future.
  4. Keep Folders: It’s important to keep any information on your child’s education from year to year. Correspondence with the school, report cards, IEPs, homework/tests and behavioral reports are all good items to keep. It would also be helpful for these documents to be organized in separate folders and by each year.
  5. Bring Notes: Write out everything you want to cover in the meeting and bring it with you. This will ensure you don’t forget anything. It would be best to bring a notepad with you to take notes during the meeting, as you are not able to take the IEP home with you.

From the CEO: Disability Rights

In visiting family in Atlanta this past Thanksgiving, I took advantage of the opportunity to also visit the Center for Civil and Human Rights. Much of the museum was, as one would expect in the home city of Ebenezer Baptist Church, dedicated to the civil rights movement of the 60s and the life of Martin Luther King Jr. The story didn’t stop there, however. Significant exhibit space examined global human and civil rights. Disability was alongside gender, race and religion when speaking of discrimination; specifically the story of Bob Kafka.

At 27 years old, Kafka broke his neck and gained firsthand knowledge of transportation as a barrier to work for those whose lives are in wheelchairs. He helped found ADAPT to counter his experience that most thought of disability as a medical issue rather than one of civil rights. Too often he found that people whose disabilities couldn’t be “fixed” were placed in nursing homes. He fought for change. He was profiled in this museum because of his nonviolent advocacy to protect the rights of those with disabilities. The same nonviolent advocacy as MLK and Gandhi. He has been arrested more than 30 times fighting for the civil and human rights of people with disabilities. I was reminded that disability rights are civil rights.

Later that same week, we all heard the news of the death of President George H.W. Bush. He considered one of his greatest accomplishments of his presidency the passing of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA); the equivalent of the Civil Rights Act for individuals with disabilities. He was proud of being the president who made people with disabilities a part of their community .
ADA required all sectors of society to remove barriers that prevented people with disabilities from full participation in their communities. While many think of ADA in relation to ramps and elevators, this legislation also included the social and interpersonal aspects of accommodation, as well as employment.

President George H.W. Bush was reported to have been particularly receptive to the discussions with the National Council on Disability when the ADA was first proposed to Reagan. It was theorized that perhaps his son’s dyslexia or his daughter’s illness and ultimate death had contributed to that empathic position. Signing ADA was a prescient one considering he would spend his final years of a wonderfully active life, in a wheelchair, and thus directly see the benefits of the act he signed.

As we all reflect on the advent of ADA with President Bush’s passing, there is the opportunity to ask how we can make our communities more accessible, remembering this to mean not only physical but attitudinal. We still have more that can be done. Bob Kafka’s battle with transportation for work is not fully resolved. It saddens me that the quality of life for a person with disabilities is dependent on the law. Any community is better when everyone has equal opportunity. But my reflection of Thanksgiving included those of appreciation for all of those before me who have built the laws for civil rights and human rights…including King, Bush and Kafka.

“The rights of every man are diminished when the rights of one man are threatened.” JFK

AWS Logo

Who Are The Champions?

The lyrics from Queen’s We Are The Champions took on new meaning at the October 1, 2018 Northeast Indiana Human Resources Association (NIHRA) monthly meeting on inclusive employment.  More than 150 human resource professionals heard this call to action:  “Will you be the champion in your company to start the conversation about hiring individuals with disabilities?”

A panel discussion involving Greater Fort Wayne, Inc., Scherer Resources, Partners in Autism and a recent graduate from Ball State who has a disability challenged the group to be intentional in expanding hiring practices that included disability.  Greater Fort Wayne, Inc. added a disability employment coordinator to begin the dialogue with its member organizations.  Scherer Resources launched a training program on understanding disability and the business culture necessary to embrace and support inclusive employment.  Partners in Autism has an employment training program and builds relationships with employers to hire individuals with autism.  College graduates with disabilities are well-qualified with bachelor and master degrees in public service, library science, computer technology, and marketing and communication yet when the disability is disclosed an interview rarely occurs.

What can you do to champion inclusive employment in your organization?  Start by asking who knows someone with a disability.  You might be surprised how many people do.  Then ask about their employment status.  You might be surprised by those answers – “I don’t know or never thought about it.”  Expand the conversation and questions to your professional network, vendors and contractors.  More surprises?

As you read this, will you answer the call to action….Will you be the champion?


Educator Series Part 2: Parent Perspective

So, now that you know what to expect in a case conference, you may be wondering what an IEP entails. Aside from general information about your child (grade, diagnosis, parent/guardian, etc.), you will also find names and titles of those present in the case conference. Knowing these educators is important for proper communication to ensure your child’s success. The rest of the document, of course, lays out your child’s education plan, placing them in the least restrictive environment their course of study allows.

  • Evaluation Information and Student Data: This is where your child is now. His/her strengths and weaknesses, behaviors and skills will all be included in this section. This helps to identify needs of the student which will direct the rest of the IEP.
  • Concerns of the Parent: This is where you as a parent can express your concerns and have them documented within the IEP. Your input is very valuable to the development of your child’s IEP and education.
  • Participation in Testing Programs: This section will identify what type of testing your child will participate in that is appropriate based on their grade level and skill level. Some examples would by NWEA, IREAD and/or ISTEP.
  • Goals: In this section, achievable academic and functional skills goals will be described with clear objectives. Be sure SMART goals are used (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, Time-Bound).
  • Progress Reporting: Documentation will entail exactly how you will be updated on your child’s progress throughout the year.
  • Services & Accommodations: Here you will find all services your child will receive in the year, including location, description and frequency. This could also include an extended school year (depending on the needs of your child) and transition planning. The accommodations outlined in this section are needed by your child to mitigate the effects of their disability but cannot provide your child with an advantage over other students.
  • Participation: This is where you will see how involved your child will be in general education classes and activities.

As stated in last month’s segment, you do have a say in your child’s goals. It is important that both parents/guardians and educators are on the same page, so keeping open communication through this process is key. If you would like to have a more in-depth explanation of the IEP, you may find a guide here.

Education Series Part 2: Educator Perspective

To be an active partner, parents must be informed. An IEP is a very overwhelming document, and this is coming from someone who had years of undergraduate and graduate classes learning about the legal components as well as years writing and developing IEPs with various team members. As professionals, we get frustrated and have a difficult time keeping up with the continuous changes to the documents and procedures even though this is a part of our daily work. Can you imagine how these documents make parents feel?

Having children doesn’t come with an answer key, and this is especially true if you have a child with a disability. Learning about a disability and all of the service providers that might be beneficial to the family can be utterly exhausting. The school is one of many service providers parents must work with to support their child. The IEP is just one set of documents a parent of a child with a disability must encounter.

Have you ever tried to be someone’s partner in a particular card game and no one had explained the rules to you? Think about how you would feel each time it was your turn to play a card. As a player you might lack confidence, become defensive and even become unwilling to play. Regardless of what specific experiences, you would not walk away feeling like an equal teammate and certainly would not be looking forward to another game at any time soon!

Schools need to invest in a partnership with parents. Helping parents understand the many parts of an IEP is critical in order to incorporate parents as an equal partner during the case conference process. Schools might consider offering IEP training to parent groups or even individual parents on school grounds. Or, if school staff are not able to take this on, another option might be to consider partnering with a local, reputable advocacy agency to help train parents. What a great, collaborative opportunity for schools and advocates creating a shared vision and working together to educate parents. Both of these options go above and beyond the requirement in the law, but when there is research to show that partnering with families will improve student outcomes, can we afford not to invest in these extra efforts?

From the CEO: Disability Employment Awareness Month

The first Friday of each month the economic geek in me watches for the phone alert on new job growth.  I didn’t do well in high school economics and thankfully I didn’t have to take it in college. However, I recall enough to know that job growth, or lack thereof, can trigger responses from Wall Street and is sure to generate a tweet or two.

Recent numbers continue to show that the number of people filing for unemployment benefits is at the lowest level since I graduated from college (four decades!) More jobs are being added. Wages, even in Indiana, are slowly creeping up. We watch, waiting for comments about what is “full employment” and have people quit looking?  Seasonal fluctuations are evident.  What can I make of all of the numbers?

The first Friday in October brought additional numbers in light that this is National Disability Employment Awareness Month. The labor force participation rate for people with disabilities is up one percentage point over the same month last year.  This is the percentage of population working or actively looking for work. Good news…right?  The thing is that participation rate is 34.1% compared to 76.6% for people without a disability. It may not be great, but it is moving in the right direction and it has been a positive trend since early 2016.

I can’t speak for the entire country but I can speculate on a few factors that might be influencing that trend in Northeast Indiana.

  • Focus on Transition. Select high schools have clear programming for all students directing options, including employment, for post-graduation.
  • Increasing Universal design in office buildings and other facilities. Employers who evaluate work space by universal design criteria rather than just ADA are sending messages to people of all abilities that they are welcome to join their workforce.
  • Transportation efforts . Transportation to the worksite continues to be a major barrier for those with varying abilities. Grants from AWS Foundation have helped increase ridership with both Citilink and CTN.
  • Repeated messaging. When any individual repeatedly hears the question about “what do they want to do when they grow up” they build a future plan based on an assumption of work. More and more, those with disabilities have that question as part of a school IEP and from supportive communities.
  • Experience . As we build a more inclusive community in the arts, recreation, and other aspects of Northeast Indiana we send the message that the entire community, including employers, is welcoming of people of all abilities.

All of these elements are helping NEI provide employment options for people of varying abilities. But let’s end with one specific story because it really is about each person as a unique individual.  I have been told the story of a young woman with a disability who did not do well with the typical interview format. She wanted to work and had ability! A keen interviewer realized that rather than conduct a face to face inquisition, a casual conversation while walking through the place of employment might be a better gauge of her ability. During this walk, they talked about her personal likes and why she wanted to work there.  The job she wanted wasn’t available, but he realized they had a qualified candidate for another position. She got the job and gave it her all and according to my source “…the department managers absolutely love her …and she recently celebrated her first anniversary with that store. “

Yes, the national economic indicators say that as a country we are doing better with employment, but what are you doing to help? Do you consider the individual and not the job? Do you look at abilities rather than disabilities? Do you send the message that you are welcoming and inclusive? Help celebrate with us National Disability Employment Awareness Month and help make the November and December numbers a little bit better.